Nakuru County is a multi-cultural county with individuals originating from all the Kenya chief tribes. According to the 2009 census, Nakuru County is said to have a population of 1, 603,325 individuals with majority being male (50.2%) and female are said to be 49.8% of the population.
The leading tribes are the Kalenjin and the Kikuyu making around 70% of the entire population. Other tribes for example Kamba, Meru, Luhyia, Luo, among others are present mostly in urban area.
Trade business, rearing of livestock and farming are the main activities for the Kalenjin and the Kikuyu. Others communities are there in search of employment and for business purpose and the government being the principal employer.